Pneumonia in the child may develop fluid collection in the
chest cavity (effusion) which may get
converted to pus (empyema). Traditionally it required formal thoracotomy(
opening of the chest) and removing of the pus and help the lung to expand .
This requires big incision and cutting of the muscles of the chest wall. Child
will have big scar and may develop chest wall deformity.
Thoracoscopic surgeries can do the removal of empyema
through key hole incision as as a result cause less pain, tiny scar and no
chest wall deformity.